Recently approved by the Ministry of Economic Development, the Italian National Action Plan to increase the number of NZEB Buildings (PANZEB) envisages that, from 31 December 2018, all public buildings will be NZEB, i.e. Nearly Zero Energy Buildings. After 31 December 2020, new buildings will also have to be NZEB, namely, buildings with reduced energy consumption arising mostly from renewable sources, with special attention to thermal insulation of building envelopes and to the technical features of the systems.
In order to be part of the new Action Plan, buildings will have to obtain at least 50% of their energy demand for the supply of hot water, heating and cooling from systems using renewable sources. Developed by ENEA, Sistema di Ricerca Elettrica and the Italian Thermotechnical Committee, the aim of the Plan is to define NZEB buildings, evaluate their energy performance indices, create a map of national properties, identify the market trends of new buildings and create regional promotion programmes focused on Nearly Zero Energy Building.
Today, NZEB are a topical issue, since the Action Plan showed that more than 70% of Italy’s current real estate properties still consist of buildings that do not have the required characteristics, despite the measures that have already been put in place at national level, such as the Conto Termico, the Ecobonus for energy efficiency and Structural Funds.
To give a concrete and tangible response for the future of the construction sector, Manni Group and Officinae Verdi Group, created from the joint venture between UniCredit and Fondazione WWF Italia, founded Green Capital Alliance in 2016. The company focuses on innovation in the green and circular economy and is aimed at promoting and placing ready-to-market innovations on the market in order to overcome the current development model and direct the construction industry towards a sustainable economy.
“Green Capital Alliance is a project based on an international think tank that gathers opinion leaders and organisations interested in developing efficiency and sustainability,” explains Giovanni Tordi, Managing Director of Officinae Verdi. “In this way, we intend to encourage a sustainable and highly efficient real economy model, through projects that generate new employment, reduce raw material consumption and cut CO2 emission levels, favouring the reuse and recycling of waste materials. In fact, investing in energy efficiency is a key lever of change, capable of encouraging lasting and reliable economic recovery, as well as a sustainable perspective.”